„Individuals have within themselves vast resources for self-understanding and for altering their self-concepts, basic attitudes, and self-directed behavior; these resources can be tapped if a definable climate of facilitative psychological attitudes can be provided“ (from Carl R. Rogers. Way of Being. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1980, p.115-117).
Client-centered therapy, also known as person-centered therapy, is a non-directive form of talk therapy that was developed by psychologist Carl Rogers during the 1940s and 1950s. Today, it is one of the most widely used approaches in psychotherapy.
Rogers theorized that each person is motivated by an actualizing tendency, a force that drives us to reach our maximum potential, physically, spiritually and emotionally. This is the underlying force behind all of our actions and reactions, and cannot be denied. Rogers theorized that when people suppress this natural actualizing tendency, they realize emotional pain and suffering, and never grow to their fullest potential. But because each of us has this natural tendency to achieve mental health and are capable of it, our inherent behavior is to choose actions and behaviors that will result in growth and emotional well-being.
Rogers believed that „the client knows what hurts, what directions to go, what problems are crucial, what experiences have been buried”. Rogers‘ strong belief in the positive nature of human beings is based on his many years of clinical counseling. He suggests that any person, no matter what the problem, can improve without being taught anything specific by the counselor, once he / she accepts and respects themselves. The resources all lie within the person.